Photography 101: Everything You Need To Know

Expert Photography Suggestions That Get You Shooting Photography is so much more than taking a picture. It is an art and a science combined when done correctly. This article will provide some of the most important tips to ensure that you are treating this hobby with respect and therefore coming away with quality end results. Play with the shutter speed setting to get shots of both slow and fast-moving subjects. Slow shutter speeds are great for objects that move very slowly, such as streams. Fast shutter speeds, on the other hand, allow you to get a clear shot of a subject that is moving very quickly, such as a race car. Select a focus and subject on it. Point your camera towards this subject or object and use the auto focus feature if necessary. If you do not do this, your picture will look blurry. Play with conventions and select an unusual point of focus if you want original pictures. If you are planning to take photos in a new country go straight to the postcard rack. Postcards can help you gain new ideas of the scenery that is unique to the country that you are in. Use these photos as ideas for the spots that you want to visit. Use a diffuser to minimize the negative effects of flash photography. The built-in flash on most cameras produce photos that have a high light-dark contrast, which makes them look harsh and unrealistic. A diffuser diffuses the light from the flash, distributing it more evenly and making your flash photos look more natural. In order to produce the best and clearest photographs, you should use a tripod. A tripod allows you to stabilize the camera, so that your photos are in better focus. This is especially important if you are using a high-zoom lens or shooting at night, since small changes in the camera's position will result in major blurring. When photographing portraits, isolate your subject. Use a medium telephoto lens or the medium telephoto setting on your zoom. That, combined with a large aperture (try f/4 or larger), blurs the foreground and background. Focus on the eyes. Use diffused lighting for a flattering look. If outdoors, wait for an overcast sky or shoot with the subject in the shadows and the sun at your back. Make sure to find an interesting subject to photograph. If the subject is difficult to work with, even the best equipment won't produce an amazing picture. Think about it for a bit then carefully choose objects that naturally inspire you. You can also look for someone to model and pose for you. When photographing young patience, children and time is your best friend. Children are taught to "say cheese" whenever a camera is focused on them, inevitably creating artificial, fake smiles - or worse. Ideally, a child will become comfortable being photographed when the pressure to "perform" is removed. Simply encourage them to go about their normal activities and then follow them around with your camera, clicking when they naturally smile or are obviously enjoying their surroundings. Keeping your camera very steady is the key in shooting images that are crisp and very sharp. Many cameras have an automatic stabilizer built right into it to allow for some leeway. If you are still having problems keeping your camera steady, invest in some kind of a tripod. A good photography tip you should try is to to add an object to your photograph that will show the scale of another object. Having a tiny person standing right next to it can make the tree look humongous, although a big tree might not look that impressive by itself. Do not move and hold your breath, before you take a photo. Even the smallest movement could make your picture come out wrong. Some people agree that it's best to stop breathing right before pressing the button, as a way of personally steadying yourself. Get the people that you're shooting to feel as comfortable as possible. An easy way to do this is to talk to them and show them their picture in your camera. They'll likely loosen up, making it much easier to take their picture. A good photography tip that can help you is to make sure your computer monitor is calibrated. The last thing you want is to print out a picture only to find out that the colors are totally off. Calibrating your computer monitor can save you a lot of frustration and heartache. Blur can ruin an otherwise, great picture. There are a few ways you can fix blur. One way is to assure the camera is still. You can do this by using a tripod or bracing yourself so it is easier to keep the camera still. You can also use your camera's action mode. This will automatically adjust your camera's speed settings and help stop the blur. When photographing people, try to avoid having anyone that they know standing on the sidelines and watching the photograph being taken. If your subject knows they are being watched, it will almost always lead to feelings of self-consciousness. This will, in turn, lead to unnatural, posed images that nobody will like. Keep an eye on the weather outside. Weather conditions can create many opportunities to improve or destroy a great picture. You can still get some great outdoor shots on a cloudy day. Compose your photos so that the gray sky is not actually in the frame. Don't let it stop you from taking great pictures. After you have taken a set of pictures back them up on a storage device. It is important to back the pictures up as soon as possible to an external media source. By doing this you are assuring that you won't lose the pictures you have just taken. You don't want to chance losing any special shots. Try changing your setting on your white balance and tuning your ISO setting if you are in a setting that would normally require flash and you only have the built in flash on your camera. It will make it so you will not have to use the flash. Be careful to keep the camera very steady when doing this. Do not underestimate the disposable camera as a way to take wonderful photos. The technology has improved, and you can take shots equal to, and even better than, your durable film camera. Many disposable models also offer a built in zoom feature. New disposables are not the same old junk cameras they were ten years ago. You will not become a good photographer without the benefit of good resources on the topic and a certain amount of effort on your part. Some of these tips will give you instant results, but most likely you will need lots of practice on the other ones before seeing a good deal of progress. Do not make the learning process overly strenuous. After all, photography can be an engrossing and pleasurable hobby. 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